On November 1, the national health and Health Commission held a press conference, at which Wang Haidong, director of the Department of aging health of the health and Health Commission, pointed out that according to the research, the average life expectancy of health in China is only 68.7 years old. So, what is the life expectancy of 68.7 years in China? What does this reflect?
On November 1, the national health and Health Commission held a press conference, at which Wang Haidong, director of the Department of aging health of the health and Health Commission, pointed out that at present, China is in the stage of rapid development of population aging. By the end of 2018, the population aged 60 and over reached 250 million. He said that the health status of the elderly in China is not optimistic. In 2018, China’s average life expectancy was 77.0 years, but according to the research, China’s average life expectancy for health was only 68.7 years. The proportion of the elderly with more than one chronic disease is as high as 75%, and the number of disabled and partially disabled elderly is more than 40 million. The demand of the elderly for health services is very urgent.
On the same day, the national health and Health Committee held a news conference on establishing and improving the guiding opinions of the elderly health service system. Wang Haidong said at the conference that by the end of 2018, China’s elderly population aged 60 years and above had reached 250 million. In order to solve the problems of imperfect old age health service system, insufficient effective supply and inadequate development, the 8 departments of the national Wei Jian Commission and the national development and Reform Commission jointly issued the “guiding opinions on establishing and improving the elderly health service system” (guidance), which is also the first guiding document on the elderly health service system in China.
- What does the average life expectancy of 68.7 years reflect?
It reflects the urgent need for health services for the elderly. Recently, 8 departments including the national health and Health Commission jointly issued the guidance on establishing and improving the elderly health service system. It is clear in the document that we should conscientiously sum up the experience of the pilot program of hospice care and steadily expand the pilot program. In addition, for-profit medical institutions can determine the content and charging standard of hospice care services by themselves.
According to the health characteristics of the elderly and the health service needs of the elderly, the opinions put forward specific tasks around six links of health education, prevention and health care, disease diagnosis and treatment, rehabilitation care, long-term care and hospice care.
According to the function and orientation of medical institutions, we should promote corresponding medical and health institutions, carry out hospice care services in accordance with the principle of “fully informed and voluntary choice” of patients, open hospice care ward or bed, build hospice care center where conditions permit, and speed up the standardization and standardization of hospice care institutions.
In addition, we should actively carry out community and home-based hospice care services. To explore the establishment of institutions, communities and home-based hospice care work mechanism, to form a smooth and reasonable referral system. Develop guidelines for access and administration of hospice care.