On the evening of September 30 and October 1, three members of the Beijing black leopard wildlife protection station, who are carrying out wildlife resources investigation here, found four rare Tibetan brown bears in the border area of Sanjiangyuan National Park (pilot). This is very rare for the field investigation organizations that enter the Sanjiangyuan area, and it can prove that the rich and diverse wildlife population in Sanjiangyuan National Park has spread to the surrounding areas.
“We set up the equipment around 5 o’clock in the evening. To our surprise, we photographed the Tibetan brown bear around 6:30. We were very excited at that time.” Li Li, director of black leopard Wildlife Protection Station. Before that, they have carried out some visits in the surrounding areas, and there is not much useful information. However, the team members gave full play to their expertise in wildlife tracking. According to the feces and footprints, they delineated the range of large wild animals in the Batang grassland, and set up some garrisons. They did not expect to succeed soon.
“At that time, it was dark on the sky horse, and ice debris suddenly came down from the mountain, and the Tibetan brown bear appeared in the camera. At first, it was still looming among the trees, and then it ran to the foot of a bare mountain and could see it very clearly. It’s in good shape, very robust. ” Li Li. Soon, we found a second one. At that time, the clothes of the team members were all wet, and it was very cold on the mountain with an altitude of more than 4000 meters, but they still made the camera waterproof and took this precious picture. The next evening, at the same location, a Tibetan brown bear, observed the night before, reappeared, but this time, it brought two cubs. The male bear is strong and domineering. The female bear with her cubs is cautious. The cubs are very cute.
The black leopard wildlife protection station was established in 2000 along the Juma River in Beijing. It has carried out and participated in many wildlife conservation projects in the past 20 years. In 2014, he joined the World Wide Fund for nature (WWF) and assisted it to carry out a number of field work in Sanjiangyuan National Park (pilot).
“The wildlife in Sanjiangyuan Nature Reserve is full of vitality. Food chain relations and biodiversity are very complete. We have seen the white lipped deer, snow leopard, wolf, lynx, as well as all kinds of raptors, such as golden carving, grassland carving and other national first-class and second-class wild animals. There are simply too many and too rich, and the wild animals are very healthy here. ” Li Li said. “But we didn’t see the Tibetan brown bear, so we kept thinking about it.”
This year, the black leopard wildlife protection station has a new idea: go to the border zone of Sanjiangyuan National Park and nature reserve to see the wildlife living conditions there. Including whether the population is healthy or not, whether the population is spreading, and so on, with emphasis on large wild animals.
On September 22, the three team members set out from Beijing and came to Yushu area. They planned to do a quick investigation for more than ten days, which ended on October 4. “Drive about 300 kilometers a day, visit people living in the surrounding areas, learn about the clues of wild animals, and observe more wild animals here through these clues.” Li Li said. They found that in the Sanjiangyuan area, the wildlife habitat has been well protected, and the range is becoming larger and larger, and the wildlife population is also slowly spreading to the periphery of the reserve.
What surprised them most was that they saw the Tibetan brown bear. According to reports, Tibetan brown bear, also known as Tibetan blue bear, is one of the rarest bear subspecies in the world. It is also known as Tibetan brown bear, horse bear, Himalayan blue bear, Himalayan snow bear and mountain bear. It was first classified by the British zoologist Edward Bray in 1854. It is distributed in high mountain areas of China (West, eastern Tibet) and Nepal. It is also found in Bhutan, but it is rare. It has been listed as class II protected animals in Appendix II of cites of the Washington Convention, and the second grade key protected animal in China.
The adult Tibetan brown bear is 1.8m to 2.1m long and weighs between 200kg and 250kg. Its teeth and claws are very sharp, and it is at the top of the food chain in the plateau area. Even the staff of Sanjiangyuan National Park have not many opportunities to see Tibetan brown bears. As a wild protection worker who came to the Sanjiangyuan area to do the investigation, since 2014, the Panther team members have seen the Tibetan brown bear for the first time.
Tibetan brown bear is an omnivore with rich recipes, including marmots, rabbits, grains, grass seeds, fruits, and sometimes some carrion. “Some people ask if you want to lie down and pretend to be dead when you meet a bear in the wild? In fact, the Tibetan brown bear is very fierce. If he really lies down, he will take the initiative to add food to it. ” Li Li said with a smile. The shooting location chosen by the team is a relatively safe highland, which is 180 meters to 500 meters away from the Tibetan brown bear.
“In fact, as long as people don’t take the initiative to disturb wild animals, they can live in peace with them. Local people will choose to travel in different peaks according to the time of wild animals. Even if they are good peaks, they will not interfere with each other. ” Li Li said.