Nobel Peace Prize, 2019

On October 11, local time, the Norwegian Nobel Committee announced the award of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize to the Ethiopian Prime Minister Athioi Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali.

Abi Ahmed Ali is 42 years old and has received several university degrees from Ethiopia, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States. Since 2010, he has served as a member of the Central Committee of the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization, a member of the Ethiopian People’s Congress, the director of the Science and Technology Information Center, the Minister of Science and Technology, the Director of the Urban Development and Planning Bureau of Oromia, and the Secretary of the Secretariat of the Oromo People’s Democratic Organization. Waiting for a position. In February 2018, he was elected president of Oromo People’s Democratic Organization. In March, he was elected chairman of the ruling party Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front. In April, he became the prime minister of the federal government.

According to the Nobel Prize official website, the Nobel Peace Prize was founded in 1901 and was established on the basis of the widow of the famous Swedish chemist Alfred Bernhard Nobel. , cancel or reduce the standing army and those who do their utmost to make the greatest contribution to the peace conference.”

Unlike several other Nobel Prizes, the Peace Prize was awarded in Stockholm, Sweden, but in the Norwegian capital of Oslo. Winners can be either individuals or institutions. Winners will receive a certificate, a gold medal and a bonus check. The front of the medal is Nobel’s head, and the back is engraved with an inscription, meaning “for the peace and friendship of mankind.”

According to the Nobel Prize website, the Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded 100 times so far. As of 2018, the youngest winner was the 17-year-old Pakistani girl Malala Yusuf Zai, the oldest of whom was 87-year-old famous atomic physicist and anti-nuclear Joseph Roth. Teblat. A total of 17 women have won awards.

The following are the winners of the Nobel Peace Prize in recent years:

In 2018, Congo (Golden) gynecologist Dr. Mujguez and Iraqi human rights activist Nadia Mulad were awarded in recognition of their efforts to combat the use of sexual violence in war and armed conflict.

In 2017, the international non-governmental organization “International Abolition of Nuclear Weapons” was awarded in recognition of the organization’s commitment to universalizing the knowledge of nuclear weapons to humanity and the efforts to eliminate nuclear weapons.

The winner in 2016 was Colombian President Santos. The reason for the award was that his enduring efforts ended the country’s civil war that was more than 50 years old.

The Nobel Prize in 2019 will be announced from October 7. On the 7th, the winners of the Physiology or Medicine Awards were published—American medical scientist William Callin, Greg Semenza, and British medical scientist Peter Ratcliffe. They revolutionized the discovery and made people understand the cells. The basic principle of oxygen at the molecular level was awarded.

On the 8th, the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to American scientist James Peebles and two Swiss scientists, Michelle Mayor and Didier Quiloz, in recognition of their field of astrophysics. Outstanding contributions made.

On the 9th, the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was announced. American scientist John Goodinav, British-American scientist Stanley Whitingham and Japanese scientist Yoshino Akira jointly won the award in recognition of their work in the field of lithium-ion batteries. Outstanding contribution.

On the 10th, the Swedish Academy of Literature announced that the 2018 and 2019 Nobel Prizes for Literature were awarded to the Polish writer Olga Tokarchuk and the Austrian writer Peter Handeck. The reason for the award was: Tokarchuk was “passionate” The narrative imagination represents a form of life that transcends borders, and Hendrick explores the periphery and specificity of human experience with its “linguistically influential and influential works.”

According to the Nobel Prize official website, the winner of the Nobel Prize in Economics will be announced on the 14th.