Beijing, December 14 (Zhang Orin) more than a month after the US presidential election day, under the tussle between Biden and trump, it is still uncertain who will win. Although Biden himself and the international community generally believe that Biden has won the election, trump has not acknowledged the defeat. On December 14, 2020, the Electoral College of the United States will vote, which may make the results of this election “dust settled”.
On November 7, local time, supporters of Democratic presidential candidate Biden gathered in New York Times Square to celebrate. Photo by Liao pan, a reporter from China News Agency
So why does the electoral college still vote after the general election? After the vote, what are the steps needed for the next US president to formally take office in the White House? What impact will the voting result have on the United States and the world in the next four years?
On November 3, local time, the United States ushered in election day. Unlike in the past, although the election results released by the associated press showed that Biden won, because trump refused to admit defeat and launched lawsuits in many states, the election results have not been fully determined.
The deadlock seems to be unsolved, but it is because the election process has not yet ended.
Due to the unique electoral college system in the United States, the final outcome of the election is not directly determined by the voters, but by the “winner takes all” rule in each state. Which side gets the highest percentage of votes, the state’s electoral vote is all its own (with the exception of Maine and Nebraska).
At present, 50 states and the District of Columbia have confirmed the election results. Biden and trump are expected to get 306 and 232 votes respectively, while the “threshold” to win is 270.
According to the results of voters’ voting, voters in each state will vote in their respective states on December 14, and the results will be officially announced in Congress on January 6, 2021. The candidates who obtain the majority of electoral votes will eventually win the general election.
Generally speaking, voters in each state will vote for the candidate who wins in the state’s vote. However, this is not mandatory. In some states, voters may vote for the candidate they like, regardless of the outcome of their vote.
An elector is called a “dishonest voter” if his or her vote does not match the results of the state’s voters. Such a situation has occurred in the 2016 general election. However, in the history of American elections, there has not been a case in which “dishonest voters” have changed the election results.
“It can be said that when the dust settles, the scene of the election will be over,” Li Haidong, Professor of the Institute of international relations of the foreign affairs university, said in an interview with chinanews.com.
On February 2 local time, US Democratic presidential candidate Biden campaigned in Des Moines, Iowa. China News Agency reporter Chen Mengtong
Li Haidong believed that if no accident happened, the vote on the 14th would end with Biden’s victory. He pointed out that “after that, the United States will enter a new stage of truly preparing for Biden’s administration”.
According to the U.S. general election process, if Biden wins the electoral college vote, he will be officially sworn in as the 46th president of the United States on January 20, 2021. At that time, the United States will also open the “Biden era”.
——Can trump turn the tables?
“The probability of Trump’s overturning is very low, (this vote) will bring Trump’s lawsuit against the entire election process to an end,” Li Haidong pointed out.
Trump himself said on November 26 local time that he would leave the white house if the electoral college voted for Biden as president.
However, Li Haidong said that “even if Biden wins, trump will still insist that Biden won the reputation and will leave the White House on the basis of this belief.”.
As for why trump did this, Li Haidong believes that “the motive is power, in order to maintain enough influence, so as to pave the way for its return to the 2024 general election.”
If Biden comes to power successfully, it will be the epidemic situation, economy and race.
On November 24, local time, Biden put forward his 100 day governance plan after taking office, covering measures such as scientific anti epidemic, immigration reform and strengthening global leadership. About two weeks later, Biden announced that he planned to require Americans to wear masks and get at least 100 million doses of vaccine within 100 days of taking office. In response, U.S. infectious disease expert fouch said the plan was “bold but feasible.”.
“Under the scientific leadership of the Biden administration, the severity of the epidemic in the United States may be alleviated, which is predictable,” Li said of the issue.
In addition to the epidemic, whether the Biden administration can revive the U.S. economy, which has been hit hard by the epidemic, is also a great test after its administration. Li Haidong said in this analysis that after Biden came to power, the U.S. economic policy may change from the trade protectionism in Trump’s period to globalization. As long as the epidemic situation can be controlled, the U.S. economy is likely to enter a state of rapid recovery.
As for the “stubborn disease” of American society, race issue, Li Haidong said, “the Democratic Party will pay more attention to the protection of minority rights and interests. After Biden takes office, the current tense ethnic relations may be relieved to some extent.”. However, Li Haidong stressed that as the ethnic conflict is a historical issue, whether it is Biden or not, it can not be fundamentally solved.
Domestic problems are thorny, and international problems are not easy to handle. After trump was in power for four years, the United States has withdrawn from its trans Pacific partners